Case presentation – thyroid lymphoma
Keywords:Thyroid, Lymphoma, Malignant tumor
AbstractMalignant tumors of the thyroid gland account for about 1% of thenewly diagnosed malignant tumors each year, and their incidence inwomen is twice the incidence in men. According to the WHO classification (2004) thyroid tumors are divided into: carcinoma of the thyroid,adenoma and similar tumors, and other thyroid tumors whichinclude: teratomas, angiosarcomas, paragangliomas and others, as wellas primary lymphomas and plasmacytomas. Primary thyroid lymphomasare defi ned as lymphomas which originate in the thyroid gland.Th is study presents the case of a 68-year-old patient with a thyroidlymphoma, which caused compression of the airways. In the patientpresented there was reduced activity of the thyroid gland. Th e dominantsymptoms were: breathing diffi culties, hoarse voice and the enlargementof the thyroid. An ultrasound examination was performedbefore surgery on the neck, which showed a multinodular thyroid,with compromised and compressed trachea to the right and rear. Anemergency surgical procedure was performed to reduce the tumor.Pathohistological diagnosis confi rmed diff use large B cell lymphoma.Th e aim of the study was to present a patient with a thyroid lymphoma,who had previously not had any immunological changes to the gland,that is, she had not had any chronic lymphocyte thyroiditis, but due tothe compressive syndrome it was necessary to perform an emergencysurgical procedure to reduce the tumor.
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