Determinants of milk and milk product consumption among primary school children in a district of Ankara, Turkey

Görkem Bitirak, Hasan Barış Ilgaz, Tuba Leman Kaya, Kıvılcım Kiliç, Dilek Aslan

Abstract


Aim. Determination of influencing factors of milk and milkproduct consumption among a group of primary school childrenin Ankara. Methods. In this cross-sectional study, thestudy population consisted of 356 students in two grades (5thand 8th), and 335 (193 5th grades, and 142 8th grades). The participationrate was 94%. The SPSS program 15.0 was used fordata entry and basic statistical analysis. The chi-square test forcross tabulations and logistic regression to identify influencingfactors of milk consumption were used. Results. Of the335 students; 193 were in 5th grade, and 142 were in 8th grade.The mean age was 10.1±0.4 in 5th grade, and it was 13.3±0.7 in8th grade. In the logistic regression analysis significantly positiveassociations were determined between “milk consumptionof the students” and the grade (OR=6,934, 95%CI=2,634-18,254; p<0.001), male sex (OR=2,713, 95%CI=1,220-6,030;p=0.014), presence of milk at home everyday (OR=2,935,95%CI=1,086-5,281; p=0.030), buy milk with pocket money(OR=2,303, 95%CI=1,036-5,121; p=0.041), eat breakfast everyday(OR=4,994, 95%CI=2,161-11,541; p<0.001), and preferto drink milk instead of cola (OR=2,961, 95%CI=1,210-7,248; p<0.001). Conclusion. School-based interventions topromote milk consumption in earlier grades with a holisticapproach can contribute to children’s understanding of thehealth benefits of milk at earlier ages.

Keywords


Children, School, Milk, Consumption

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